Gender Hub sources and selects hundreds of resources across a range of gender themes to help you get in the know. Our editorial team carefully summarises them so that we present you the latest evidence in a timely way.
This Cutting Edge pack from BRIDGE outlines the concept and practices of gender-responsive budgetting, and examines strategies for improvement. The pack highlights the deficiencies of non-gender responsive budgeting, such as assuming that economic actors are genderless, classless, ageless, and without social , historical, and geographic situation. However, gender budgetting initiatives break down government budgets to make it more gender-responsive.
This Cutting Edge pack examines both the need for gender responsive budgets, as well as strategies for outside-government initiatives, and future possibilities and evolution for gender budget initiatives (GBIs). <img src='http://api.ids.ac.uk/tracking/trackimg.cfm?beacon_guid=920afcaf-90ee-4e57-8dfc-c3772597180b' width='1'…
This paper addresses the question of how well gender-responsive budget (GRB) initiatives have done in practice compared with the claims and expectations about what they can achieve? Attempts to bring some realism into the discussion, planning and assessment of these initiatives, the author ultimately concludes that due to the diversity of GRB initiatives, there is substantial disconnect between the potential and practice of these initiatives.
The paper stresses that different initiatives have different objectives and different outcomes which depend on context, who is involved, and a host of other things. There is therefore no single “correct” approach.
The paper is divided into three sections:
- the first section deals with issues related to budgets and their relationship to conceptualisations of the economy and economic and social policy
- the second deals with issues related to gender as a critical variable that structures the economy and society, alongside other axes of difference such as race, class and age
- the third deals with issues related to policy- and budget-making as a process. The different sets of issues are often related to each other, and there is thus some overlap between the sections.
The author concludes that there is a failure between the potential of GRBs and what is actually delivered. The paper has tried to illustrate that one of the reasons for this apparent failure is the great diversity in GRB initiatives. However, non-fulfillment of each and every goal should not be seen as a failure. Whether an initiative can play a particular role depends on the actors, their goals, their understanding, the activities they undertake, as well as the political and social context in a particular country. Those promoting GRB work would be more helpful if they promoted it as a tool that can be used at many different stages in the policy making process, by many different players in many different ways to advance many different causes in addition to the broad cause of gender equality. A single initiative cannot, and should not, aim to be all things to all people. [adapted from author] <img src='http://api.ids.ac.uk/tracking/trackimg.cfm?beacon_guid=920afcaf-90ee-4e57-8dfc-c3772597180b' width='1'…
This manual is aimed at improving international and local capacity to address gender-based violence (GBV) in refugee, internally displaced, and post-conflict settings. It is meant to be used by humanitarian professionals who have experience with and are committed to GBV prevention and response.
The tools are divided into three major categories:
- assessment tools meant to improve awareness of the nature and scope of GBV in a given setting, to assist in gathering information about local attitudes and behaviors related to GBV, and to identify existing GBV services and gaps in service within the community
- program design tools – which may be used for designing and implementing projects whose outcomes meet intended goals, and for improving hiring practices within GBV programs
- and program monitoring and evaluation tools which assist in evaluating program effectiveness, as well as in recognizing short- and long-term service utilization and service delivery trends that may be used to adjust programming
Each tool assumes a common understanding of basic GBV-related concepts, such as definitions of various types of GBV, knowledge of the standards of a multi-sectoral approach to GBV prevention and response, and an understanding of participatory methods of assessment and program design, monitoring and evaluation.
These tools were developed for use by international and local professionals with experience addressing GBV in the communities in which they work. <img src='http://api.ids.ac.uk/tracking/trackimg.cfm?beacon_guid=920afcaf-90ee-4e57-8dfc-c3772597180b' width='1'…
The Training Process is a programme tool for strengthening the capacity of a wide range of community actors such as trainers and activists to prevent domestic violence. It is a series of training sessions that will help participants think about, discuss and take action to prevent domestic violence. The Training Process is organized in six sections, each offering a series of two-hour modules designed to strengthen capacity of participants to prevent domestic violence. The introduction gives an overview of the work, a brief description of the ideas behind the approach and some tips on how to facilitate the process. Section One is on gender and rights and explores belief systems in the community that allow domestic violence to occur. It talks about women’s rights, why they are important and who has the obligation to protect them. Section Two develops a more substantive understanding of the issues and encourages participants to explore experiences and consequences of domestic violence within their communities. Section Three outlines the skills and personal qualities needed to prevent domestic violence such as listening and facilitation skills. Section Four on taking action helps participants develop action plans. There is also a section on monitoring and evaluation together with additional information, handouts and learning…
Are tax systems gender neutral? Assessing taxation and revenue from a gender perspective is no easy task. Political and technical constraints help to explain why most work to date has focused on expenditure. This paper provides information to assist in the analysis of potential gender bias in tax systems and help the design of gender-sensitive revenue measures. A hypothetical gender-tax typology is proposed as a possible approach to the gender analysis of taxation. A list of questions for policymakers highlights gender issues, such as ‘how can tax benefits/allowances flow to the mother rather than father?’, and ‘how should tax systems recognise the value of unpaid care?’. Tools and methodologies are now being adapted and developed to assist gender revenue analysis, and these are explored in the final section of the report. Specific recommendations include the need for support for the following types of initiatives: the collection of relevant sex-disaggregated data; legal reviews of tax law in developing countries; review of the gender impact of a greater share of tax revenue shifting to direct taxes; and the introduction of pilot gender revenue initiatives in a small number of developing countries where there is sufficient…
Are budgets and revenue systems as gender neutral as they may appear to be? Can gender be incorporated into economic governance? How can women and civil society organisations be more involved in preparing budgets, scrutinising expenditure and collecting and analysing macroeconomic data that is disaggregated by sex? <img src='http://api.ids.ac.uk/tracking/trackimg.cfm?beacon_guid=920afcaf-90ee-4e57-8dfc-c3772597180b' width='1'…
This paper examines the concept of gender-responsive government budgeting (GRGB) and the extent of its implementation by national governments in both advanced and developing countries.
The paper argues that in order for GRGB to be fully effective, obstacles such as gender-biased culture, the lack of appropriate budget classifications, and the lack of gender analysis expertise and gender-disaggregated data in most countries need to be addressed.
- Whilst 40 countries (OECD and developing countries) have attempted to include some sort of gender analysis in their budgeting systems, a closer look at the country data provided suggests that several countries have only been exposed to the old concept of the allocation of some government resources to the ministries or other organisations in charge of women’s affairs, rather than analysing the gender impact of resources allocated to all (or at least gender-sensitive) sectors. These might include health, education, agriculture, housing, labour and employment
- Implementation of GRGB in a given country is not related to its wealth or technological status, but to the degree of the will or, more importantly, the size of the governments involvement in economic or social activities.
- Whilst in OECD countries, women’s organisations, NGOs, political parties and national or local governments have been influential in implementing the GRGB initiative, in developing countries (apart from some local NGOs and academia that have been promoting GRGB) mostly multilateral organisations and the donor community have been requesting and encouraging such an approach.
<img src='http://api.ids.ac.uk/tracking/trackimg.cfm?beacon_guid=920afcaf-90ee-4e57-8dfc-c3772597180b' width='1'…
The resource guide is a tool for community-based organisations working to prevent domestic violence. It aims to assist organisations in designing and implementing a sustained community mobilization project to prevent domestic violence through creative, participatory and systematic efforts. The guide targets organisations interested in working systematically to affect individual and social change within their communities. Special features include: rights- based program ideas and activities; full color examples of learning materials such as posters, games, murals and booklets; a comprehensive community activism course; and, simple, ready to use documentation and monitoring…